Birth of England

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England in North America

Ronoake the lost colony
Roanoke the Lost Colony
Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the New World, was first explored in 1584 and was considered suitable for a colony. In August of 1585, a colonizing expedition was sent out, but the immigrants encountered hostile Native Americas and suffered from serious food shortages. The first attempt to colonize Roanoke proved unsuccessful and the colony returned to England with Sir Francis Drake. In 1587, Sir Walter Raleigh organized a second expedition led by Captain John White, who sought to establish a permanent English settlement in America. White, accompanied by 121 colonists landed on Roanoke Island in July of 1587. Their original plan was to land on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay, but the sailors refused to take them farther than the island. On August 18, White's daughter Eleanor, wife of Ananias Dare, gave birth to the first English child born in America. She was named Virginia Dare after their queen, Elizabeth. White returned to England in the summer of 1589 for additional supplies, however, fighting between England and Spain had delayed his return. When White returned to Roanoke around 1590 or 1591, there was no trace of the colonists. The only clue left to their whereabouts was the word Croatan carved into a tree, which suggests that the colonist left the colony with friendly Croatan Indians and were eventually absorbed into the tribe. This belief is reinforced by the fact that a group of Indians now living in North Carolina call themselves Croatans and often have English names.

(Click on image for the Pocahontas storyPochantasPocahontas

Most historians agree that Captain John Smith's good leadership saved the colonists from starvation and death. If the colony failed we may not have this English speaking country today.

Since Pocahontas saved John Smith's life, therefore she is responsible the survival of the colony and our country.

Thank you Pocahontas!

 

Though England entered the race for New Colonies later than Spain and Portugal, it nevertheless achieved greater success than any of its European rivals. The colonies established under the British flag were motivated by the desire to seek financial gain or religious Freedom or to establish a political presence in the New World. In the end, all British colonies perservered to form the foundation that would ultimately become the United States of America.

1602:

  • Captain Bartholomew Gosnold is the first Englishman to land on the New England coast.

1606:

  • Virginia Company of London is granted a Royal Charter to settle in the New World.

1607:

  • Jamestown is founded under the patent of the London Company
  • Captain John Smith meets Pocahontas.

1609:

  • Henry Hudson explores the Delaware Bay and Hudson River.

1611:

  • John Rolfe became the first to commercially cultivate tobacco plants in North America.

1612:

  • Captain John Smith writes A Map of Virginia
  • The Dutch use Manhattan as a fur trading center.
  • Tobacco planted for the first time by English colonists in Virginia. Export of this sweeter tobacco helped turn the Virginia Colony into a profitable ventureĀ 

1613:

  • English Colonists in Virginia destroy the French settlements at Port Royal, Nova Scotia.

1614:

  • Peace is concluded with the Powhatan Confederacy.
  • The first shipment of tobacco is exported to England.
  • Pocahontas marries John Rolfe. The next year Mr. and Mrs. Rolfe travel to London.

1616:

  • William Baffin discovers Baffin Bay while searching for a Northwest passage.
  • Captain John Smith writes A Description of New England.
  • A smallpox epidemic decimates the New England Native American population.

1619:

  • The first representative colonial assembly, the House of Burgesses, was formed in Virginia.
  • First Africans arrive in North America.
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